NAICS Sector 51

Sector 51

NAICS Sector 51: Information

Definition of NAICS Sector 51: The Information sector comprises establishments engaged in the following processes:

  1. Producing and distributing information and cultural products,
  2. Providing the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications, and P
  3. Processing data.

The main components of this sector are the publishing industries, including software publishing, and both traditional publishing and publishing exclusively on the Internet; the motion picture and sound recording industries; the broadcasting industries, including traditional broadcasting and those broadcasting exclusively over the Internet; the telecommunications industries; Web search portals, data processing industries, and the information services industries.

NAICS 51The expressions ”information age” and ”global information economy” are used with considerable frequency today. The general idea of an ”information economy” includes both the notion of industries primarily producing, processing, and distributing information, as well as the idea that every industry is using available information and information technology to reorganize and make themselves more productive.

For the purposes of NAICS, it is the transformation of information into a commodity that is produced and distributed by a number of growing industries that is at issue. The Information sector groups three types of establishments:

  1. Those engaged in producing and distributing information and cultural products;
  2. Those that provide the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications; and
  3. Those that process data. Cultural products are those that directly express attitudes, opinions, ideas, values, and artistic creativity; provide entertainment, or offer information and analysis concerning the past and present. Included in this definition are popular, mass-produced products as well as cultural products that normally have a more limited audience, such as poetry books, literary magazines, or classical records.

The unique characteristics of information and cultural products, and of the processes involved in their production and distribution, distinguish the Information sector from the goods-producing and service-producing sectors. Some of these characteristics are:

  1. Unlike traditional goods, an ”information or cultural product,” such as a newspaper on-line or television program, does not necessarily have tangible qualities, nor is it necessarily associated with a particular form. A movie can be shown at a movie theater, on a television broadcast, through video-on-demand or rented at a local video store. A sound recording can be aired on radio, embedded in multimedia products, or sold at a record store.
  2. Unlike traditional services, the delivery of these products does not require direct contact between the supplier and the consumer.
  3. The value of these products to the consumer lies in their informational, educational, cultural, or entertainment content, not in the format in which they are distributed. Most of these products are protected from unlawful reproduction by copyright laws.
  4. The intangible property aspect of information and cultural products makes the processes involved in their production and distribution very different from goods and services. Only those possessing the rights to these works are authorized to reproduce, alter, improve, and distribute them. Acquiring and using these rights often involves significant costs. In addition, technology is revolutionizing the distribution of these products. It is possible to distribute them in a physical form, via broadcast, or on-line.
  5. Distributors of information and cultural products can easily add value to the products they distribute. For instance, broadcasters add advertising not contained in the original product. This capacity means that unlike traditional distributors, they derive revenue not from sale of the distributed product to the final consumer, but from those who pay for the privilege of adding information to the original product. Similarly, a directory and mailing list publisher can acquire the rights to thousands of previously published newspaper and periodical articles and add new value by providing search and software and organizing the information in a way that facilitates research and retrieval. These products often command a much higher price than the original information.

The distribution modes for information commodities may either eliminate the necessity for traditional manufacture, or reverse the conventional order of manufacture-distribute: A newspaper distributed on-line, for example, can be printed locally or by the final consumer. Similarly, it is anticipated that packaged software, which today is mainly bought through the traditional retail channels, will soon be available mainly on-line. The NAICS Information sector is designed to make such economic changes transparent as they occur, or to facilitate designing surveys that will monitor the new phenomena and provide data to analyze the changes.

Many of the industries in the NAICS Information sector are engaged in producing products protected by copyright law, or in distributing them (other than distribution by traditional wholesale and retail methods). Examples are traditional publishing industries, software and directory and mailing list publishing industries, and film and sound industries. Broadcasting and telecommunications industries and information providers and processors are also included in the Information sector, because their technologies are so closely linked to other industries in the Information sector.

Two Digit Sector 51 Breakdown for the North American Industry Classification System

NAICS codes are broken down by digit. The broadest description starts with the 2 digit sector codes. The 3 digit subsector codes are more specific, then the 4 digit industry group, 5 digit industry, and the most specific is the 6 digit NAICS code. If NAICS Sector 51 does not describe the industry of the business in question, then select the largest applicable code below. From there, follow the progression of smaller digits to the larger digits in order to obtain the most specific 6 digit classification.

  • Sector 51: Information
    • Subsector 511: Publishing Industries (except Internet)
      • Industry Group 5111: Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers
        • Industry 51111: Newspaper Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511110: Newspaper Publishers
        • Industry 51112: Periodical Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511120: Periodical Publishers
        • Industry 51113: Book Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511130: Book Publishers
        • Industry 51114: Directory and Mailing List Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511140: Directory and Mailing List Publishers
        • Industry 51119: Other Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511191: Greeting Card Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511199: All Other Publishers
      • Industry Group 5112: Software Publishers
        • Industry 51121: Software Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511210: Software Publishers
    • Subsector 512: Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries
      • Industry Group 5121: Motion Picture and Video Industries
        • Industry 51211: Motion Picture and Video Production
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512110: Motion Picture and Video Production
        • Industry 51212: Motion Picture and Video Distribution
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512120: Motion Picture and Video Distribution
        • Industry 51213: Motion Picture and Video Exhibition
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512131: Motion Picture Theaters (except Drive-Ins)
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512132: Drive-In Motion Picture Theaters
        • Industry 51219: Postproduction Services and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512191: Teleproduction and Other Postproduction Services
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512199: Other Motion Picture and Video Industries
      • Industry Group 5122: Sound Recording Industries
        • Industry 51221: Record Production
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512210: Record Production
        • Industry 51222: Integrated Record Production/Distribution
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512220: Integrated Record Production/Distribution
        • Industry 51223: Music Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512230: Music Publishers
        • Industry 51224: Sound Recording Studios
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512240: Sound Recording Studios
        • Industry 51229: Other Sound Recording Industries
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 512290: Other Sound Recording Industries
    • Subsector 515: Broadcasting (except Internet)
      • Industry Group 5151: Radio and Television Broadcasting
        • Industry 51511: Radio Broadcasting
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 515111: Radio Networks
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 515112: Radio Stations
        • Industry 51512: Television Broadcasting
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 515120: Television Broadcasting
      • Industry Group 5152: Cable and Other Subscription Programming
        • Industry 51521: Cable and Other Subscription Programming
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 515210: Cable and Other Subscription Programming
    • Subsector 517: Telecommunications
      • Industry Group 5171: Wired Telecommunications Carriers
        • Industry 51711: Wired Telecommunications Carriers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 517110: Wired Telecommunications Carriers
      • Industry Group 5172: Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)
        • Industry 51721: Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 517210: Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)
      • Industry Group 5174: Satellite Telecommunications
        • Industry 51741: Satellite Telecommunications
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 517410: Satellite Telecommunications
      • Industry Group 5179: Other Telecommunications
        • Industry 51791: Other Telecommunications
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 517911: Telecommunications Resellers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 517919: All Other Telecommunications
    • Subsector 518: Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
      • Industry Group 5182: Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
        • Industry 51821: Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 518210: Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
    • Subsector 519: Other Information Services
      • Industry Group 5191: Other Information Services
        • Industry 51911: News Syndicates
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 519110: News Syndicates
        • Industry 51912: Libraries and Archives
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 519120: Libraries and Archives
        • Industry 51913: Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 519130: Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals
        • Industry 51919: All Other Information Services
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 519190: All Other Information Services

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NAICS Sector 51