NAICS Sector 44-45

Sector 44-45

NAICS Sector 44-45: Retail Trade

Definition of NAICS Sector 44-45: The Retail Trade sector comprises establishments engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.

The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are, therefore, organized to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public. This sector comprises two main types of retailers: store and nonstore retailers.

NAICS 44-451.) Store retailers operate fixed point-of-sale locations, located and designed to attract a high volume of walk-in customers. In general, retail stores have extensive displays of merchandise and use mass-media advertising to attract customers. They typically sell merchandise to the general public for personal or household consumption, but some also serve business and institutional clients. These include establishments, such as office supply stores, computer and software stores, building materials dealers, plumbing supply stores, and electrical supply stores. Catalog showrooms, gasoline stations, automotive dealers, and mobile home dealers are treated as store retailers.

In addition to retailing merchandise, some types of store retailers are also engaged in the provision of after-sales services, such as repair and installation. For example, new automobile dealers, electronics and appliance stores, and musical instrument and supplies stores often provide repair services. As a general rule, establishments engaged in retailing merchandise and providing after-sales services are classified in this sector.

The first eleven subsectors of retail trade are store retailers. The establishments are grouped into industries and industry groups typically based on one or more of the following criteria:

  • The merchandise line or lines carried by the store; for example, specialty stores are distinguished from generalline stores.
  • The usual trade designation of the establishments. This criterion applies in cases where a store type is well recognized by the industry and the public, but difficult to define strictly in terms of merchandise lines carried; for example, pharmacies, hardware stores, and department stores.
  • Capital requirements in terms of display equipment; for example, food stores have equipment requirements not found in other retail industries.
  • Human resource requirements in terms of expertise; for example, the staff of an automobile dealer requires knowledge in financing, registering, and licensing issues that are not necessary in other retail industries.

2.) Nonstore retailers, like store retailers, are organized to serve the general public, but their retailing methods differ. The establishments of this subsector reach customers and market merchandise with methods, such as the broadcasting of “infomercials,” the broadcasting and publishing of direct-response advertising, the publishing of paper and electronic catalogs, door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration, selling from portable stalls (street vendors, except food), and distribution through vending machines. Establishments engaged in the direct sale (nonstore) of products, such as home heating oil dealers and home delivery newspaper routes are included here.

The buying of goods for resale is a characteristic of retail trade establishments that particularly distinguishes them from establishments in the agriculture, manufacturing, and construction industries. For example, farms that sell their products at or from the point of production are not classified in retail, but rather in agriculture. Similarly, establishments that both manufacture and sell their products to the general public are not classified in retail, but rather in manufacturing. However, establishments that engage in processing activities incidental to retailing are classified in retail. This includes establishments, such as optical goods stores that do in-store grinding of lenses, and meat and seafood markets.

Wholesalers also engage in the buying of goods for resale, but they are not usually organized to serve the general public. They typically operate from a warehouse or office and neither the design nor the location of these premises is intended to solicit a high volume of walk-in traffic. Wholesalers supply institutional, industrial, wholesale, and retail clients; their operations are, therefore, generally organized to purchase, sell, and deliver merchandise in larger quantities. However, dealers of durable nonconsumer goods, such as farm machinery and heavy-duty trucks, are included in wholesale trade even if they often sell these products in single units.

Two Digit Sector 44-45 Breakdown for the North American Industry Classification System

NAICS codes are broken down by digit. The broadest description starts with the 2 digit sector codes. The 3 digit subsector codes are more specific, then the 4 digit industry group, 5 digit industry, and the most specific is the 6 digit NAICS code. If NAICS Sector 44-45 does not describe the industry of the business in question, then select the largest applicable code below. From there, follow the progression of smaller digits to the larger digits in order to obtain the most specific 6 digit classification.

  • Sector 44-45: Retail Trade
    • Subsector 441: Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers
      • Industry Group 4411: Automobile Dealers
        • Industry 44111: New Car Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 441110: New Car Dealers
        • Industry 44112: Used Car Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 441120: Used Car Dealers
      • Industry Group 4412: Other Motor Vehicle Dealers
        • Industry 44121: Recreational Vehicle Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 441210: Recreational Vehicle Dealers
        • Industry 44122: Motorcycle, Boat, and Other Motor Vehicle Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 441222: Boat Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 441228: Motorcycle, ATV, and All Other Motor Vehicle Dealers
      • Industry Group 4413: Automotive Parts, Accessories, and Tire Stores
        • Industry 44131: Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 441310: Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores
        • Industry 44132: Tire Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 441320: Tire Dealers
    • Subsector 442: Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores
      • Industry Group 4421: Furniture Stores
        • Industry 44211: Furniture Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 442110: Furniture Stores
      • Industry Group 4422: Home Furnishings Stores
        • Industry 44221: Floor Covering Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 442210: Floor Covering Stores
        • Industry 44229: Other Home Furnishings Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 442291: Window Treatment Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 442299: All Other Home Furnishings Stores
    • Subsector 443: Electronics and Appliance Stores
      • Industry Group 4431: Electronics and Appliance Stores
        • Industry 44314: Electronics and Appliance Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 443141: Household Appliance Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 443142: Electronics Stores
    • Subsector 444: Building Material and Garden Equipment and Supplies Dealers
      • Industry Group 4441: Building Material and Supplies Dealers
        • Industry 44411: Home Centers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 444110: Home Centers
        • Industry 44412: Paint and Wallpaper Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 444120: Paint and Wallpaper Stores
        • Industry 44413: Hardware Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 444130: Hardware Stores
        • Industry 44419: Other Building Material Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 444190: Other Building Material Dealers
      • Industry Group 4442: Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores
        • Industry 44421: Outdoor Power Equipment Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 444210: Outdoor Power Equipment Stores
        • Industry 44422: Nursery, Garden Center, and Farm Supply Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 444220: Nursery, Garden Center, and Farm Supply Stores
    • Subsector 445: Food and Beverage Stores
      • Industry Group 4451: Grocery Stores
        • Industry 44511: Supermarkets and Other Grocery (except Convenience) Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445110: Supermarkets and Other Grocery (except Convenience) Stores
        • Industry 44512: Convenience Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445120: Convenience Stores
      • Industry Group 4452: Specialty Food Stores
        • Industry 44521: Meat Markets
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445210: Meat Markets
        • Industry 44522: Fish and Seafood Markets
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445220: Fish and Seafood Markets
        • Industry 44523: Fruit and Vegetable Markets
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445230: Fruit and Vegetable Markets
        • Industry 44529: Other Specialty Food Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445291: Baked Goods Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445292: Confectionery and Nut Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445299: All Other Specialty Food Stores
      • Industry Group 4453: Beer, Wine, and Liquor Stores
        • Industry 44531: Beer, Wine, and Liquor Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 445310: Beer, Wine, and Liquor Stores
    • Subsector 446: Health and Personal Care Stores
      • Industry Group 4461: Health and Personal Care Stores
        • Industry 44611: Pharmacies and Drug Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 446110: Pharmacies and Drug Stores
        • Industry 44612: Cosmetics, Beauty Supplies, and Perfume Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 446120: Cosmetics, Beauty Supplies, and Perfume Stores
        • Industry 44613: Optical Goods Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 446130: Optical Goods Stores
        • Industry 44619: Other Health and Personal Care Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 446191: Food (Health) Supplement Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 446199: All Other Health and Personal Care Stores
    • Subsector 447: Gasoline Stations
      • Industry Group 4471: Gasoline Stations
        • Industry 44711: Gasoline Stations with Convenience Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 447110: Gasoline Stations with Convenience Stores
        • Industry 44719: Other Gasoline Stations
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 447190: Other Gasoline Stations
    • Subsector 448: Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores
      • Industry Group 4481: Clothing Stores
        • Industry 44811: Men’s Clothing Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 448110: Men’s Clothing Stores
        • Industry 44812: Women’s Clothing Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 448120: Women’s Clothing Stores
        • Industry 44813: Children’s and Infants’ Clothing Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 448130: Children’s and Infants’ Clothing Stores
        • Industry 44814: Family Clothing Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 448140: Family Clothing Stores
        • Industry 44815: Clothing Accessories Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 448150: Clothing Accessories Stores
        • Industry 44819: Other Clothing Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 448190: Other Clothing Stores
      • Industry Group 4482: Shoe Stores
      • Industry Group 4483: Jewelry, Luggage, and Leather Goods Stores
        • Industry 44831: Jewelry Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 448310: Jewelry Stores
        • Industry 44832: Luggage and Leather Goods Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 448320: Luggage and Leather Goods Stores
    • Subsector 451: Sporting Goods, Hobby, Musical Instrument, and Book Stores
      • Industry Group 4511: Sporting Goods, Hobby, and Musical Instrument Stores
        • Industry 45111: Sporting Goods Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 451110: Sporting Goods Stores
        • Industry 45112: Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 451120: Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores
        • Industry 45113: Sewing, Needlework, and Piece Goods Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 451130: Sewing, Needlework, and Piece Goods Stores
        • Industry 45114: Musical Instrument and Supplies Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 451140: Musical Instrument and Supplies Stores
      • Industry Group 4512: Book Stores and News Dealers
        • Industry 45121: Book Stores and News Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 451211: Book Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 451212: News Dealers and Newsstands
          • Subsector 452: General Merchandise Stores
      • Industry Group 4521: Department Stores
        • Industry 45211: Department Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 452111: Department Stores (except Discount Department Stores)
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 452112: Discount Department Stores
      • Industry Group 4529: Other General Merchandise Stores
        • Industry 45291: Warehouse Clubs and Supercenters
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 452910: Warehouse Clubs and Supercenters
        • Industry 45299: All Other General Merchandise Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 452990: All Other General Merchandise Stores
    • Subsector 453: Miscellaneous Store Retailers
      • Industry Group 4531: Florists
      • Industry Group 4532: Office Supplies, Stationery, and Gift Stores
        • Industry 45321: Office Supplies and Stationery Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 453210: Office Supplies and Stationery Stores
        • Industry 45322: Gift, Novelty, and Souvenir Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 453220: Gift, Novelty, and Souvenir Stores
      • Industry Group 4533: Used Merchandise Stores
        • Industry 45331: Used Merchandise Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 453310: Used Merchandise Stores
      • Industry Group 4539: Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers
        • Industry 45391: Pet and Pet Supplies Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 453910: Pet and Pet Supplies Stores
        • Industry 45392: Art Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 453920: Art Dealers
        • Industry 45393: Manufactured (Mobile) Home Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 453930: Manufactured (Mobile) Home Dealers
        • Industry 45399: All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 453991: Tobacco Stores
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 453998: All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers (except Tobacco Stores)
    • Subsector 454: Nonstore Retailers
      • Industry Group 4541: Electronic Shopping and Mail-Order Houses
        • Industry 45411: Electronic Shopping and Mail-Order Houses
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 454111: Electronic Shopping
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 454112: Electronic AuctionsHouses
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 454113: Mail-Order Houses
      • Industry Group 4542: Vending Machine Operators
        • Industry 45421: Vending Machine Operators
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 454210: Vending Machine Operators
      • Industry Group 4543: Direct Selling Establishments
        • Industry 45431: Fuel Dealers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 454310: Fuel Dealers
        • Industry 45439: Other Direct Selling Establishments
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 454390: Other Direct Selling Establishments

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NAICS Sector 44-45