NAICS 3 Digit Subsector Code 511

Subsector 511

NAICS Subsector Code 511 – Publishing Industries (except Internet)

Definition of NAICS 3 Digit Subsector Code 511: Industries in the Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector group establishments engaged in the publishing of newspapers, magazines, other periodicals, and books, as well as directory and mailing list and software publishing. In general, these establishments, which are known as publishers, issue copies of works for which they usually possess copyright. Works may be in one or more formats including traditional print form, CD-ROM, or proprietary electronic networks. Publishers may publish works originally created by others for which they have obtained the rights and/or works that they have created in-house. Software publishing is included here because the activity, creation of a copyrighted product and bringing it to market, is equivalent to the creation process for other types of intellectual products.

In NAICS, publishing–the reporting, writing, editing, and other processes that are required to create an edition of a newspaper–is treated as a major economic activity in its own right, rather than as a subsidiary activity to a manufacturing activity, printing. Thus, publishing is classified in the Information sector; whereas, printing remains in the NAICS Manufacturing sector. In part, the NAICS classification reflects the fact that publishing increasingly takes place in establishments that are physically separate from the associated printing establishments. More crucially, the NAICS classification of book and newspaper publishing is intended to portray their roles in a modern economy, in which they do not resemble manufacturing activities.

Music publishers are not included in the Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector, but are included in the Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries subsector. Reproduction of prepackaged software is treated in NAICS as a manufacturing activity; on-line distribution of software products is in the Information sector, and custom design of software to client specifications is included in the Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sector. These distinctions arise because of the different ways that software is created, reproduced, and distributed.

The Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector does not include establishments that publish exclusively on the Internet. Establishments publishing exclusively on the Internet are included in Subsector 519, Other Information Service. The Publishing Industries (except Internet) subsector also excludes products, such as manifold business forms. Information is not the essential component of these items. Establishments producing these items are included in Subsector 323, Printing and Related Support Activities.

Three Digit Subsector Breakdown for the North American Industry Classification System

NAICS codes are broken down by digit. The broadest description starts with the 2 digit sector codes. The 3 digit subsector codes are more specific, then the 4 digit industry group, 5 digit industry, and the most specific is the 6 digit NAICS code. If NAICS Subsector 511 does not describe the industry of the business in question, then select the largest applicable code below. From there, follow the progression of smaller digits to the larger digits in order to obtain the most specific 6 digit classification.

  • Sector 51: Information
    • Subsector 511: Publishing Industries (except Internet)
      • Industry Group 5111: Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers
        • Industry 51111: Newspaper Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511110: Newspaper Publishers
        • Industry 51112: Periodical Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511120: Periodical Publishers
        • Industry 51113: Book Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511130: Book Publishers
        • Industry 51114: Directory and Mailing List Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511140: Directory and Mailing List Publishers
        • Industry 51119: Other Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511191: Greeting Card Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511199: All Other Publishers
      • Industry Group 5112: Software Publishers
        • Industry 51121: Software Publishers
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 511210: Software Publishers

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NAICS 3 Digit Subsector Code 511