NAICS 3 Digit Subsector Code 323

Subsector 323

NAICS Subsector Code 323 – Printing and Related Support Activities

Definition of NAICS 3 Digit Subsector Code 323: Industries in the Printing and Related Support Activities subsector print products, such as newspapers, books, labels, business cards, stationery, business forms, and other materials, and perform support activities, such as data imaging, platemaking services, and bookbinding. The support activities included here are an integral part of the printing industry, and a product (a printing plate, a bound book, or a computer disk or file) that is an integral part of the printing industry is almost always provided by these operations.

Processes used in printing include a variety of methods used to transfer an image from a plate, screen, film, or computer file to some medium, such as paper, plastics, metal, textile articles, or wood. The printing processes employed include, but are not limited to, lithographic, gravure, screen, flexographic, digital, and letterpress.

In contrast to many other classification systems that locate publishing of printed materials in manufacturing, NAICS classifies the publishing of printed products in Subsector 511, Publishing Industries (except Internet). Though printing and publishing are often carried out by the same enterprise (a newspaper, for example), it is less and less the case that these distinct activities are carried out in the same establishment. When publishing and printing are done in the same establishment, the establishment is classified in Sector 51, Information, in the appropriate NAICS industry even if the receipts for printing exceed those for publishing.

This subsector includes printing on clothing because the production process for that activity is printing, not clothing manufacturing. For instance, the printing of T-shirts is included in this subsector. In contrast, printing on fabric (or grey goods) is not included. This activity is part of the process of finishing the fabric and is included in the NAICS Textile Mills subsector in Industry 31331, Textile and Fabric Finishing Mills.

Three Digit Subsector Breakdown for the North American Industry Classification System

NAICS codes are broken down by digit. The broadest description starts with the 2 digit sector codes. The 3 digit subsector codes are more specific, then the 4 digit industry group, 5 digit industry, and the most specific is the 6 digit NAICS code. If NAICS Subsector 323 does not describe the industry of the business in question, then select the largest applicable code below. From there, follow the progression of smaller digits to the larger digits in order to obtain the most specific 6 digit classification.

  • Sector 31-33: Manufacturing
    • Subsector 323: Printing and Related Support Activities
      • Industry Group 3231: Printing and Related Support Activities
        • Industry 32311: Printing
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 323111: Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books)
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 323113: Commercial Screen Printing
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 323117: Books Printing
        • Industry 32312: Support Activities for Printing
          • 6 Digit Code(s) NAICS 323120: Support Activities for Printing

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NAICS 3 Digit Subsector Code 323